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DETERMINATION OF RISK FACTORS FOR HYDATID DISEASE AMONG ANIMAL BREEDERS IN DİNAR-AFYONKARAHİSAR

Mehmet Fatih, Hakan Guzel

Abstract

Introduction: Hydatid disease is a zoonotic parasitic infection caused by a tapeworm called Echinococcus granulosus. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for hydatid disease among animal breeders in the Dinar-Afyonkarahisar province of Turkey.

Materials and Methods: Between July 2015 and May 2016 a questionnaire form including risk factors for hydatid disease was applied by face-to-face interviews of 95 individuals. Survey data were analysed by percentage.

Results: The average of age was calculated as 44.87. It was determined that 45.26% of animal breeders have no information about hydatid cyst, 38.94 % don’t administer antiparasitic drugs to animals, 68.42% will not be able to recognize hydatid cyst while slaughtering and 24.21% have seen hydatid cyst while slaughtering. We asked “Do you have some information about transmission of the disease?” and 80.00% of animal breeders said “No”. The percentage of participants who reported that there were some individuals who have caught hydatid disease around them was 2.10%. Most of the participants (56.84%) indicated that infected organs should be given to dogs or put in the rubbish box and 50.52% of the individuals reported that their dogs can enter easily into barns and they give giblets to dogs. Also, the percentage for animal breeders who don’t administer antiparasitic drug to their dogs was 57.89%.

Conclusion: It was detected that the animal breeders in Dinar- Afyonkarahisar have insufficient information about certain aspects of hydatid disease and also we detected some risk factors for the disease.


Keywords

hydatid disease, animal breeder, risk factor, Dinar, Turkey


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