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SLEEP AND HEALTH – TENDENCIES, REASONS AND RISKS OF SLEEP DEPRIVATION

Ersin Ismail, Ani Dzakova, Deniz Hamidov, Meriyan Radeva, Plamen Dimitrov

Abstract

Introduction: Modern science appreciates the role of sleep and discovers broad fields in the study of its pathogenesis, morphological substrate and flow. Sleep structure, like an individual’s personality, is a product of diverse environmental stimuli and dynamic endogenous interactions. Several different methodological approaches of the epidemiologists give varying degrees of confidence in the strength of association between the exposure (sleep duration) and disease. In this study we estimated the trends in sleep duration in different age groups. We outlined the main reasons behind disturbed sleep habits and their health consequences.

Materials and Methods: Several official papers based on metabolic consequences of sleep deprivation and circadian rhythm disruption were observed. We conducted an anonymous electronic poll which included 100 people divided into 5 age groups (15-20; 20-25; 26-40; 41-65; 65+) with a ratio of the sexes 1: 1. Values of actual and necessary sleep were explored and the reasons for the variations analyzed.

Results: Moderate to significant differences between the time people spend sleeping and what they need to be in optimal condition were found. The results reveal sleep deprivation in all age groups except people over 65 years old. It is mostly represented in 21-25 year olds, reaching 20% (or an average of 1.65 lost hours of sleep). A major cause for not getting enough sleep was designated to getting up early in the morning - 45% (or 68% for aged 15-25). A total of 28% of the respondents reported that they have been having constantly disrupted sleep throughout the years.

Conclusions: A number of studies have evaluated the role of sleep deprivation as a risk factor for cardiovascular, metabolic, neurodegenerative diseases and cancer. We believe that the external environment should adapt to people. The opposite has proven to be difficult and unhealthy.


Keywords

sleep deprivation, electronic poll, disrupted sleep


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