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Analysis of the Risk of Distribution and Prevention of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Unwanted Pregnancy among Students from 9th to 12th Grade of Professional School of Natural Sciences – “Acad. N. Obreshkov” – Razgrad

Mustafa Djambazov, Dragomir Ivanov, Stefan Stefanov, Tsonka Dimitrova

Abstract

Introduction: As contemporary as it looks to young people between 16 and 18 years of age, early sexual activity has its high price. Along with the strong emotions of falling in love, there come unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. These diseases are characterized by diverse clinical symptoms but they have the same mechanism of transmission and spread of infection - sexual contact.  The aim of this study is to investigate the awareness of students from 9th to 12th grade from the Professional School of Natural Sciences – “Acad. N. Obreshkov” - Razgrad of the risks, prevalence and the prevention of STDs and unwanted pregnancy.

Materials and Methods: The study covered high-school students from 9th to 12th grade from the Professional School of Natural Sciences – “Acad. N. Obreshkov” - Razgrad in January 2016. A hundred students participated in the survey. There were 52 girls and 48 boys.  A poll with 14 questions was developed for this study – 12 multiple choice questions and 2 open-ended questions. The processing and data analysis used documentary, statistical and graphical methods.

Results: Students from the 9th grade were chosen as the lower end in determining the scope of the study. More than 1/3 (38%) of the students said they had casual sex, which increased significantly in students from 11th and 12th grade. Approximately half of the participants (42.10%) said that they were using protection during intercourse. Only 10.50% of all stated that they never used protection. The most commonly used protection was a condom combined with contraceptive drugs or intrauterine devices.

Conclusion: The results show that young people are familiar with the basic methods of prevention, not only for pregnancy but also for STDs. The main sources of information for them are the Internet and conversations with parents.


Keywords

students, sexually transmitted diseases, awareness, prevention, unwanted pregnancy


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