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The role of traction therapy in the treatment of pain syndrome and the psycho-emotional state of the patients with lumbar disc disease

Mariyana Mihaylova, Ilia Todorov, Silviya Filkova, Dafina Bacheva

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Traction therapy as a method for treatment of the spinal diseases has been known to mankind since Hippocrates. Its abilities to target the main symptoms in patients with lumbar disc disease are still an object of discussion.

AIM: To analyze the effect of intermittent traction therapy in targeting pain syndrome and the psycho-emotional state of the patients with lumbar disc disease.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 122 patients suffering from lumbar disc disease were exam­ined and 100 of them corresponded to the criteria and took part in the research. The control group (CG) in­cluded 50 patients, treated with basic therapy low-frequency electromagnetic field (LFMF) and interferen­tial therapy - bipolar technique (BPI). The experimental group (EG) included 50 patients treated with ba­sic therapy and intermittent traction therapy. To track the effects of the treatment, we used an evaluation of the static and dynamic pain, an evaluation of the psycho-emotional state through the WAM (well-being, activity, mood) test, done before, right after and at the end of the treatment as well as 1 and 3 months after the treatment.

RESULTS: Both methodologies have a pain-reducing effect and help the improvement of the psycho-emo­tional state of the patients. The results have a high statistical importance (p<0.001) for both groups when it comes to reduction of the pain syndrome and the indicators of the psycho-functional testing. When compar­ing EG and CG the difference is also statistically significant (p<0.001) with the EG being superior.

CONCLUSION: Traction therapy, conducted following all rules of the good medical practice is well toler­ated by the patients suffering from lumbar disc disease and contributes to the improvement of their psycho-emotional state.


Keywords

lumbar disc disease, psycho-emotional state, intermittent traction therapy

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/sssp.v3i1.2063

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About The Authors

Mariyana Mihaylova
Medical University of Varna

Ilia Todorov
Medical University of Varna

Silviya Filkova
Medical University of Varna

Dafina Bacheva
Medical University of Varna

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