Scientific Online Resource System

Scripta Scientifica Medica

Short-term results of hip endoprosthesis with hemiprosthesis after femoral neck fracture, maintaining joint lubrication in adult patients

Nikolay Kolarov, Ruslan Popstefanov

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Femoral neck fracture is one of the most common traumas in adult patients. Patients with such fractures usually have many accompanying diseases - polymorbidity. The majority of intraartic­ular femoral neck fractures are indicated for primary hip joint alloplastic surgery. Nowadays, hip hemiar­throplasty is a routine and relatively safe procedure for the treatment of this type of trauma. Despite the higher operational risk compared to osteosynthesis, this procedure is preferred for the treatment of femoral neck fractures in patients over 75 years of age.

AIM: The main aim of this study is to build up optimal indications or guidelines for primary endoprosthe­sis with hemiprosthesis after femoral neck fractures and to justify the choice of an optimal hip hemipros­thetic implant. The design of the hemiprosthesis should be capable of minimizing the risk of acetabular pro­trusion for a long time after the surgical procedure.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A one-year study assessed the therapeutic effectiveness of the ellipti­cal monoarticular endoprosthetic head use compared to monoarticular spherical and biarticular endopros­thetic heads use based on three groups of criteria: subjective, radiographic and functional criteria. Better therapeutic outcomes, according the criteria above, have been achieved with the use of the elliptical mono­articular endoprosthetic head.


Keywords

femoral neck fracture, elliptical hemiprosthetic head, a biarticular spherical hemiprosthetic head, monoarticular spherical hemiprosthetic head

Full Text


References

Andersson G, Muller Neilsen J. Results af¬ter arthroplasty of the hip with Moor’s prosthe¬sis. Acta Orthop Scand. 1972; 43(5):397-410. doi: 10.3109/17453677208998960

Cathcart RF. The shape of the femoral head and preliminary results of clinical use of non-spherical hip prosthesis. J Bone Joint Surg. 1972; 53A:397.

Kennedy WR. Treating femoral neck fracture with the Cathcart prosthesis a preliminary report. Con¬temporary Orthop. 1982.

Pipino E, Molfetta L. The ‘Cathcart orthocentric’ elliptical head endoprosthesis. Ital J Orthop Trau¬mathol. 1989.

Simone C, Patella V, Moretti B, Molfetta L. Short-term clinical results with an elliptical femoral pros¬thesis. Hip international. 1995; 5(1):15-9.

Bullough PG, Goodfellow JW, O’Conner JJ. The re¬lationship between degeneration changes and load-bearing in the human hip. J. Bone Joint Surg. 1973; 55(4):746-58.

Patel KC, Moradiya N, Gewatre P, Dasai TV. Ear¬ly outcome of hemireplacement arthroplasty using cemented bipolar prosthesis in fracture neck femur in elderly: A study of 50 cases. Int J Orthod Sci. 2017; 3(1):303-7. doi: 10.22271/ortho.2017.v3.i1e.48

Kenzora JE, Magaziner J, Hudson J, Hebel JR, Young Y, Hawkes W, et al. Outcome after hemiar¬throplasty for femoral neck fractures in the elderly. Clin Ortop Relat Res. 1998; 348:51-8.

Angelini S, Biancalani D, Martelli F, Davini PG, De Luca L. The Cephalic Prosthesis “ELLITICA” for Femoral Neck Fractures. Regione Toscana – Local Health Autirity USL 11 U.O.S. of Traumatology Os¬pedale San Giuseppe

Coleman SH, Bansal M, Cornell CN, Sculco TP. Failure of bipolar hemiarthroplasty: a retrospective review of 31 consecutive bipolar prostheses con¬verted to total hip arthroplasty. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2001;30(4):313-9.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14748/ssm.v49i3.4024

Refbacks

Article Tools
Email this article (Login required)
About The Authors

Nikolay Kolarov
Medical University of Varna
Bulgaria

Orthopedic and Traumatology Clinic, St. Anna University Hospital, Varna

Ruslan Popstefanov
Medical University of Varna
Bulgaria

Orthopedic and Traumatology Clinic, St. Anna University Hospital, Varna

Font Size


|